Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate, despite a high latitude just outside the Arctic Circle. Iceland is essentially free of mosquitoes.[97].

[220][221] The above statistics represent administrative membership of religious organisations, which does not necessarily reflect the belief demographics of the population. The US withdrew the last of its forces on 30 September 2006. Icelandic music was modernised in the 19th century, when Magnús Stephensen brought pipe organs, which were followed by harmoniums. The regent had, for all practical purposes, the position of a president, and Sveinn would later become the country's first president in 1944. Birds, especially seabirds, are an important part of Iceland's animal life. The daily newspapers are Morgunblaðið and Fréttablaðið. Rímur are epic tales, usually a cappella, which can be traced back to skaldic poetry, using complex metaphors and elaborate rhyme schemes. | Getty Images. In recent times, Iceland has produced many great writers, the best-known of whom is arguably Halldór Laxness, who received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1955 (the only Icelander to win a Nobel Prize thus far). [98] Known as the Women's List or Women's Alliance (Kvennalistinn), it was founded in 1983 to advance the political, economic, and social needs of women. [123] As a result of its commitment to renewable energy, the 2016 Global Green Economy Index ranked Iceland among the top 10 greenest economies in the world. [237] The Living Art Museum, Reykjavík Municipal Art Museum, Reykjavík Art Museum and the National Gallery of Iceland are the larger, more established institutions, curating shows and festivals. Shelley’s Island, Beech Island and unnamed island #13. Route 1, or the Ring Road (Icelandic: Þjóðvegur 1 or Hringvegur), was completed in 1974, and is a main road that runs around Iceland and connects all the inhabited parts of the island, with the interior of the island being uninhabited. Among 25- to 34-year-olds, only 69% have earned the equivalent of a high-school degree, significantly lower than the OECD average of 80%. Bressler Island, located just south of Clemson Island, part of State Game Lands 254, owned by the state Game Commission. Many species of fish live in the ocean waters surrounding Iceland, and the fishing industry is a major part of Iceland's economy, accounting for roughly half of the country's total exports. Although its parliament (Althing) was suspended from 1799 to 1845, the island republic has been credited with sustaining the world's oldest and longest-running parliament. [271] Bridge is also popular, with Iceland participating in a number of international tournaments. This time it was the Grímsvötn volcano, located under the thick ice of Europe's largest glacier, Vatnajökull. [228], Icelanders are known for their strong sense of community and lack of social isolation: An OECD survey found that 98% believe they know someone they could rely on in a time of need, higher than in any other industrialised country. Another lobbying client of Green’s, the non-profit Drug Abuse Resistance Education program, had benefited from Biden’s support over the course of more than two decades, both before and after Green’s land purchase.

[155], According to Bloomberg, Iceland is on the trajectory of 2% unemployment as a result of crisis-management decisions made back in 2008, including allowing the banks to fail. [246], Guðrún S. Gísladóttir, who is Icelandic, played one of the major roles in Russian filmmaker Andrei Tarkovsky's 1986 film, The Sacrifice. The creation of the network finally passed as part of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012. As vice president, he returned to the island over the next two holiday seasons.

The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. This unnamed 13.8-acre island in Upper Paxton Township in the far north of Dauphin County is owned by Stephen Hays of New Bloomfield.

The island's interior, the Highlands of Iceland, is a cold and uninhabitable combination of sand, mountains, and lava fields. Grímsvötn is one of Iceland's most active volcanoes, and this eruption was much more powerful than the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull activity, with ash and lava hurled 20 km (12 mi) into the atmosphere, creating a large cloud.[82]. In 1996, the Icelandic parliament passed legislation to create registered partnerships for same-sex couples, conferring nearly all the rights and benefits of marriage. The IDF, created at the request of NATO, came into existence when the United States signed an agreement to provide for the defense of Iceland. Robert Ensminger of Harrisburg holds its deed. Regions in the world with similar climates include the Aleutian Islands, the Alaska Peninsula, and Tierra del Fuego, although these regions are closer to the equator. [39][40] A great smallpox epidemic in the 18th century killed around a third of the population. The main radio stations are Rás 1, Rás 2, X-ið 977, Bylgjan and FM957. [121], In 2007, Iceland was the seventh most productive country in the world per capita (US$54,858), and the fifth most productive by GDP at purchasing power parity ($40,112). [105] Nevertheless, Iceland's education system is considered excellent: the Programme for International Student Assessment ranks it as the 16th best performing, above the OECD average. [132], A poll released on 5 March 2010 by Capacent Gallup showed that 31% of respondents were in favour of adopting the euro and 69% opposed. After leaving Capitol Hill, Green signed up D.A.R.E. Anita Briem, known for her performance in Showtime's The Tudors, is also Icelandic.

Although "Republic of Iceland" is found in some documents, it does not have official status.

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