Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.) "[Ostensibly a description of a painting at Neapolis (Naples) :] Dodona. Mysterious Chachapoyas ‘Warriors Of The Clouds’ And Their Impressive Structures, Monster Water God Gong Gong Blamed For Cosmic Catastrophes In Chinese Myths, Cupbearer – Prestigious And Dangerous Profession In Many Ancient Cultures Throughout History, Magnificent Pre-Dynastic City Of Sais And Its Lost Neglected Ruins. Stewart, Michael. At the outset, it is true, those who uttered the prophecies were men (this too perhaps the poet indicates, for he calls them “hypophetae” [interpreters] and the prophets might be ranked among these), but later on three old women were designated as prophets, after Dione also had been designated as temple-associate of Zeus. The earliest mention of Dodona is in Homer, and only Zeus is mentioned in this account. The oracle shrine at Dodona was initially dedicated to mother earth (Gaia), who was known as Dione there and later to the couple of Zeus and Dione; in early historic times the sanctuary was an oak tree surrounded by a sacred forest of oak trees with a spring on its foot, sacred to Zeus. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of AncientPages.com, First Sumerian Revolt – People Oppose The Harsh Akkadian Empire. By classical times, Dione was relegated to a minor role elsewhere in classical Greece, being made into an aspect of Zeus's more usual consort, Hera — but never at Dodona.. But later on it came under the rule of the Molossoi. 1 (trans. 17. 25.
, Although the earliest inscriptions at the site date to c. 550–500 BCE, archaeological excavations conducted for more than a century have recovered artifacts as early as the Mycenaean era, many now at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens, and some in the archaeological museum at nearby Ioannina. Later three elderly priestesses named Peleiades (Doves) were appointed as the voice of the oracle. 500-Year-Old Vaishnava Saint Sculptures Discovered, On This Day In History: Pakal Ascends The Throne Of Palenque At Age Of 12 – On July 29, 615, Gods’ Creation Of Five Different Human Races – Ages Of Man On The Earth And The End Of The World, On This Day In History: Siege of Belgrade – Hungarian Battle Victory – On July 4,1456, Beware Of The Night Marchers – Deadly Ghosts Of Warriors Who Kill With Just One Look, Eduba: Scribal School In Ancient Mesopotamia, Biblical Prophet Jeremiah Whose Prophecies Disappointed People, World’s Oldest Recorded Solar Eclipse Re-Writes History Of Egyptian Pharaohs, Mjölnir: Thor’s Terrible Axe-Hammer And Its Magical Powers In Norse Mythology, Palermo Stone: One Of The Earliest History Records Of Ancient Egypt, Queen Mama Ocllo: Legendary Wife Of Sapa Inca Manco Capac In Beliefs Of Andean People, Ancient Syriac Epitaphs Discovered In Tomb Of Priest Monoha Shed New Light On The Assyrian Empire, Bizarre Ancient Capuchin Crypt ‘Decorated’ With The Bones Of 4,000 Monks, Viking Sword Unearthed In Grave Excavated by Archaeologists In Central Norway, Bizarre Sandstone Towers Of The Rocky Town And Legend Of Jan Svatos Who Mastered Magic, Strong Colors Were A Viking Symbol Of Status And Wealth, Death Of Kvasir And How Famous Mead Of Poetry Was Created, Stolen And Finally Recovered By Odin, Mysterious Ancient Village In A Prehistoric Anomalous Zone – Dangerous Underground Secret – Part 2, Hidden Carving Of Stonemason Never Meant To Be Seen Discovered In Cathedral Santiago De Compostela. Propheteia (trans. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : . Es galt als ältestes Orakel Griechenlands und war nach Delphi das bedeutendste überregionale Orakel der griechischen Welt. The oracle also was shared by Dione (whose name simply means "deity"). Dodona was the ancient seat of the oracle of Zeus and Dione, the mother of Aphrodite, also honored as the wife of Zeus instead of Hera.
2. This oracle, according to Ephoros, was founded by the Pelasgoi. Dodona Selloi, a human living on New Caprica, is an oracle. "Among the sights of Thesprotia are a sanctuary of Zeus at Dodona and an oak sacred to the god. According to Homer, they were priests of the Dodonian Zeus. .
The Pelasgoi . . And both the tragic poets and Pindaros have called Dodona 'Thesprotian Dodona.'
", Suidas s.v. This was the name of the senators at Sparta, meaning 'the elders'. This oracle, according to Ephorus, was founded by the Pelasgi. The oracle shrine (christirion) at Dodona was located in the northwestern part of Greece, in Epirus, south-west of Ioannina. Now Ephoros is unable, he says, to tell the oracular response that was given to the Pelasgians, but the prophetess replied to the Boiotians that they would prosper if they committed sacrilege; and the messengers who were sent to consult the oracle, suspecting that the prophetess responded thus out of favor to the Pelasgians, because of her kinship with them (indeed, the temple also was from the beginning Pelasgian), seized the woman and threw her upon a burning pile, for they considered that, whether she had acted falsely or had not, they were right in either case, since, if she uttered a false oracle, she had her punishment, whereas, if she did not act falsely, they had only obeyed the order of the oracle. Number Three visits Selloi in her tent, guided by a dream she has about Hera, a child believed dead. And perhaps the much talked of Peleiades were not birds, but three old women who busied themselves about the temple. Though quite downgraded from then on, especially after its first destruction in 219 BCE by the Aetolians, who under Dorimachus, burned the shrine to the ground, it was reconstructed and quite active up until the rise of Christianity in 390’s CE, when Emperor Theodosius silenced the oracle, closed the temple, as it was the case with all ‘pagan’ temples, and cut down its only one surviving oracular oak tree. Selloi tells her that Zeus and the other Lords of Kobol are sad for Three. Selloi is surrounded in her tent by curious tapestries and stones. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or 7th B.C.)  It remained an important religious sanctuary until the rise of Christianity during the Late Roman era. "Whence the Selloi of Dodona?"
 During the late 3rd century BCE, King Philip V of Macedon (along with the Epirotes) reconstructed all the buildings at Dodona. Delcor, Mathias.
Suidas, however, in his desire to gratify the Thessalians with mythical stories, says that the temple was transferred from Thessalia, from the part of Pelasgia which is about Skotoussa (and Skotoussa does belong to the territory called Thessalia Pelasgiotis), and also that most of the women whose descendants are the prophetesses of today went along at the same time; and it is from this fact that Zeus was also called Pelasgios. ", Strabo, Geography 7 Fragment 2 :  In 362 CE, Emperor Julian consulted the oracle prior to his military campaigns against the Persians. ", Strabo, Geography 7 Fragment 1a : In later times, oracles were taken at Dodona from lots, and from the ringing of an iron basin. Dodoni (Greek: Δωδώνη) is a village and a municipality in the Ioannina regional unit, Epirus, Greece.The seat of the municipality is the village Agia Kyriaki (community Theriakisi).. Würzburg: Echter, 1972. 5 : Suda On Line) (Byzantine Greek lexicon C10th A.D.) : ‘Vandal’ Of Norwegian Viking Graves Identified But Charges Have Been Dropped! Jahrhunderts v. The Zeus Dodonaios (of Dodona) is by the poet [Homer] himself named Pelasgikos (the Pelasgian) : ‘O Lord Zeus, Dodonaios, Pelasgikos.’", Strabo, Geography 7. "The Molossi in whose territory is the temple of Jove [Zeus] of Dodona, famous for its oracle. Rackham) (Roman encyclopedia C1st A.D.) : Reece, Steve. 15 (trans. Aristotle (Meteorologica) considers the site of Dodona to be the cradle of Hellenes, descendants of Hellen, known as the eponymous ancestor of the entire Hellenic race and son of Deukalion. .   Also, the word "Greece" may have been derived from this area. He, too, was deceived by the oracle at Dodona, which bade him be on his guard against Akheron and Pandosia; for places which bore these names were pointed out to him in Thesprotia, but he came to his end here in Brettion. grandly rebuilt the Temple of Zeus, developed many other buildings, added a festival featuring athletic games, musical contests, and drama enacted in a theatre). "Ephoros says that the Thrakians, after [historically] making a treaty with the Boiotians, attacked them by night when they, thinking that peace had been made, were encamping rather carelessly . 2. Photo: Wikipedia. And here are Dodonaian priestesses of stiff and solemn appearance, who seem to breathe out the odour of incense and libations. 2 (trans. [are] the people who lived in the neighborhood of the temple of Dodona, Homer too makes it perfectly clear from their mode of life, when he calls them ‘men with feet unwashen, men who sleep upon the ground,’ that they were barbarians; but whether one should call them ‘Helloi,’ as Pindaros does, or ‘Selloi,’ as is conjectured to be the true reading in Homeros, is a question to which the text, since it is doubtful, does not permit a positive answer. The specific description of the goddess Hera further deepens the parallelism between the Lords of Kobol and their counterparts in the Olympian pantheon of real-world Earth's Greek mythology. At the outset, it is true, those who uttered the prophecies were men (this too perhaps the poet indicates, for he calls them hypophetai, and the prophets might be ranked among these), but later on three old women were designated as prophets, after Dione also had been designated as temple-associate of Zeus. 14) places 'Hellas' in the parts about Dodona and the Achelous, and says it was inhabited by 'the Selloi, who were formerly called Graikoi, but now Hellenes.' "[The historical general] Pyrrhos the Molossian . There are several archaeological remains at ancient site of Dodona, but perhaps the most representative of all, are the ruins of Dodona’s ancient theatre, which had a capacity of 18,000 and had 55 rows of seats divided in three horizontal sections separated by ten flights of steps. ", Strabo, Geography 7 Fragment 3 : to C1st A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. Dodona (m.kreik. .  A wall was built around the oracle itself and the holy tree, as well as temples to Dione and Heracles. to C1st A.D.) : The element of the dove may be an attempt to account for a folk etymology applied to the archaic name of the sacred women that no longer made sense and the eventual connection with Zeus, justified by a tale told by a priestess. According to some archaeologists, not until the 4th century BCE, was a small stone temple to Dione added to the site. Accordingly, Plutarch attributes the foundation of the oracle and the worshipping of Zeus to Deukalion and Pyrrha after the Flood.
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